What Does Appeal Mean?

Gavel In Judge Quarters

How Many Appeals are Allowed?

Generally speaking, the final judgment of a lower court can be appealed to a higher court only once. In any one case, the amount of appeals truly depends on how many courts are “superior” to the court that adjudicated the decision. The superior court will then determine what the basis for the case is. For larger states, there can be three or even four levels of courts. In smaller states, there are only two. Whether or not the case is brought forth in state or federal court will bring a different list of time limits, rules, and procedures. Most state courts require “finality” before the case, though there are many minor differences.

How Does the Appeal Process Work?

The party who files an appeal is known as the appellant. The appellant must show that the trial court made a legal error that affected the decision in the case. The appellant must prepare a legal written document that discussed the arguments concerning the case. In the brief, the appellant must explain that the trial court made errors, and because of that, the decision must be reversed. Appeals are arbitrated by a panel of three judges. The court of appeals may not receive additional evidence or hear out witnesses. Essentially, although some cases are decided based on written briefs alone, many cases are selected for an oral argument before the court.

No matter the circumstances, it is integral for all the participants in a courtroom to display court etiquette. Proper court etiquette includes dressing well for the courtroom, displaying respect to the judge and the lawyers, and being informed about the facts of your case.

What Are The 3 Types of Appeals?

According to Aristotle, there are three primary kinds of appeals that are applicable. The first is logos, which translates to ‘logic’. This argument relates to impartial evidence that is gathered and put forth. The second type of appeal is known as ‘ethos’ which is an ethical appeal. It utilizes moral expertise and knowledge. The third and final type of rational argument is pathos. Pathos relates to an appeal to the audience’s emotions. Essentially, these three types of appeals are utilized to effect a greater change, or an overturn of a wrongful trial.

How Do I File an Appeal?

Consult the following list to determine how you may file an appeal.

  • Hire or speak with an attorney about your case.
  • Identify the correct court to adjudicate your case.
  • Read the local rules correctly, and prepare your court etiquette.
  • Draft notice of appeal.
  • File your notice of appeal.
  • Request a copy of the trial transcript for your case.
  • Write your appellate brief.

If you are presenting an appeal to the court, it is important for you to post an appeal bond. Appeal bail bonds are required by the court to weed out fake or frivolous appeals that drain court resources.

What Happens When You Win an Appeal?

In cases where an individual wins, the case is “remanded.” This translates to meaning that the case will be sent back to the trial court or judge responsible for your conviction (and/or sentencing.) If the case is remanded, then you might receive a new trial on the criminal charges, be given a chance to negotiate a plea bargain, be given a new sentencing hearing, or even get released from jail or prison. The repercussions will vary.

Appeal is Dismissed

If you do not follow the rigorous code that governs the appeals process, or if the appellate court concludes that the appeal is frivolous, then expect to have the appeal dismissed. It is also possible to have the case dismissed if the case loses relevance. If the case can’t give the requested relief, the higher court will dismiss the appeal. Just as frivolous lawsuits can be filed, so frivolous appeals fall into the same category. When the case is settled after the trial but before the appeal, the appeal loses relevance, becomes “moot” or is deemed non-applicable.

Set of Scales In Courtroom

Appeal Lawyers Near Me

While the trial process can be exhausting, it is important to find an appellate lawyer to take the case to the next level. Usually, the defense attorney that adjudicated your original trial will be your natural choice, but for those who desire a fresh start, it’s important to secure a new, qualified attorney. The truth is, getting a new lawyer for the appeal process is the smart way to go. Appellate lawyers have a vastly different set of skills that are far more suited to the process wherein the appeals court lies. When arguing during this process, lawyers are usually summoned to parry disconnected questions from jurists while balancing their arguments within the broader context of the law.

Appeal Vs. Motion

With regard to the question of whether an appeal or a motion are synonymous, it may be confirmed that they are indeed similar. An appeal is known as a request to a different authority to review an adverse decision. In contrast, a motion is a request to the authority that issued the decision to review its decision. In some circumstances, you may file a motion to reopen or a motion to reconsider if you received an unfavorable decision in your case.

Appeal Bond

Such a bond may be defined as an amount of money that is placed in holding while an appeal is being decided. These bonds are purchased by the appellant who is currently appealing the lower court’s judgment, and the amount deemed acceptable is usually the amount of the original judgment.

When you need an appeal in Lebanon and Reading, PA, call Bail Shop, LLC first at 888-224-5711.